Activists in San Francisco label an advertisement from the American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) as hate speech. The ad asks viewers to “support the civilized man. Support Israel. Defeat jihad.” The AFDI is an umbrella organization that backs campaigns like “Stop Islamization of America” and “Campaign Offensive: Stop the 9/11 Mosque!”

Many activists see the rhetoric of these movements as indicative of larger Islamophobic and xenophobic trend in the United States, even a call-to-action. In the past month, a Sikh gurdwara congregation in Oak Creek, Wisconsin was targeted on two separate occasions. In the past seventeen days, eight Muslim sites - including schools, grave sites, and places of worship - were also attacked.